2024 Liftl - Help for schools help for parents liftl.org Delivering fresh learning in schools to childen and young people Providing parent help for whatever is troubling you or your child all listings …

 
LITFL Further Reading. ECG Library Basics – Waves, Intervals, Segments and Clinical Interpretation; ECG A to Z by diagnosis – ECG interpretation in clinical context; ECG Exigency and Cardiovascular Curveball – ECG Clinical Cases; 100 ECG Quiz – Self-assessment tool for examination practice; ECG Reference SITES and BOOKS – the best …. Liftl

Retrograde capture describes the process whereby the ectopic impulse is conducted retrogradely through the AV node, producing atrial depolarisation. This is visible on the ECG as an inverted P wave (“ retrograde P wave “), usually occurring after the QRS complex. PVCs are said to be “frequent” if there are more than 5 PVCs per minute on ...Premature Atrial Complex (PAC) A premature atrial complex (PAC) is a premature beat arising from ectopic pacemaking tissue within the atria. There is an abnormal P wave, usually followed by a normal QRS complex. AKA: Atrial ectopics, atrial extrasystoles, atrial premature beats, atrial premature depolarisations.Massive transfusion is defined as. replacement of >1 blood volume in 24 hours, or. >50% of blood volume in 4 hours (adult blood volume is approximately 70 mL/kg), or. in children: transfusion of >40 mL/kg (blood volume in children over 1 …Learn ECG interpretation skills with clinical cases and self assessment quizzes on the top 150 ECG problems. Search by keywords, disease process, condition or eponym and prepare for examinations with the ECG Library Basics, the ECG Exam template and the ECG Differential Diagnosis.17 ian. 2017 ... From LIFTL, human factors can be broken up into: team factors; task factors; situational factors; organizational factors. Human factors leading ...functions we deal with in FRP are either globally continuous or piecewise continuous, the theorem applies in most cases. To see whether the convergence of liftl ...The QT interval is the time from the start of the Q wave to the end of the T wave on an ECG. It represents the period of ventricular depolarisation and repolarisation. It is inversely proportional to heart rate and can be measured in different leads. It is used to diagnose and monitor arrhythmias, drugs, and conditions that affect the heart.ULTRASOUND LIBRARY. POCUS, eFAST and basic principles. Library. First Name *. Email Address *. A guide for ultrasound guided peripheral venous access.The J (junction) point in the ECG is the point where the QRS complex joins the ST segment. It represents the approximate end of depolarization and the beginning of repolarization as determined by the surface ECG. There is an overlap of around 10ms. The J point marks the end of the QRS complex, and is often situated above the baseline ...Sep 8, 2021. Home ECG Library. Wellens Syndrome is a clinical syndrome characterised by biphasic or deeply inverted T waves in V2-3, plus a history of recent chest pain now resolved. It is highly specific for critical stenosis of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) Wellens pattern A: Biphasic T waves. Wellens pattern B: Deeply inverted T ...PATHOPHYSIOLOGY. sympathetic drive plays a role in many cases. hence the electrical storm mantra: “beta-blockers good, adrenaline bad!”. however, electrical storm may result from different underlying pathologies, e.g. VF storm in the setting of Brugada syndrome or early repolarisation may respond to isoprenaline.May 7, 2022. Home ECG Library. Amjid Rehman has created an innovative, interactive online application to assist in honing and refining your ECG interpretation skills. ECG Made Easier takes the user on a step-by-step learning journey through ECG interpretation, based on Chris Nickson’s ECG exam template. This fantastic #FOAMed resource is ...Immobilien: Haus, Wohnung, Privatimmobilien, Gewerbeimmobilien und Grundstücke. Immobilien günstig inserieren. Anzeigen auf willhaben.Ultrasound Case 111. A 45 year old woman with chronic alcoholic liver disease presents to the ED with exertional dyspnoea and is noted to have a SpO2 of 90% at rest despite having a normal chest examination and CXR. Casey Parker and James Rippey. November 20, 2023.PR Interval. The PR interval is the time from the onset of the P wave to the start of the QRS complex. It reflects conduction through the AV node. The normal PR interval is between 120 – 200 ms (0.12-0.20s) in duration (three to five small squares). If the PR interval is > 200 ms, first degree heart block is said to be present.24 iul. 2014 ... In fact, an international group of experts has met in Berlin recently to redefine the definition of ARDS/ALI (see the post by the LIFTL guys on ...Liftl Franz Josef. Hans Pizka Verlag. ISBN 9990092421504. Buch. CHF 17.55. Wird für Sie besorgt. In den Warenkorb. Mein Konto. Anmelden · Konto anlegen · Neues ...The QT interval is the time from the start of the Q wave to the end of the T wave on an ECG. It represents the period of ventricular depolarisation and repolarisation. It is inversely proportional to heart rate and can be measured in different leads. It is used to diagnose and monitor arrhythmias, drugs, and conditions that affect the heart.LITFL 100+ ECG quiz. Clinical cases and self assessment to enhance interpretation skills through ECG problems. Preparation for examinations. Refresh basics with the ECG Library Basics; the ECG Exam template; ECG Differential diagnosis; or ECG A-Z by diagnosis and Killer ECG patternsMedCalc: Hyponatremia & Hypernatremia. MDcalc: Sodium Correction for Hyperglycemia. sodium deficit = TBW x [Na desired – Na measured] rate of infusion (mL/hr) = Na requirement (mmol) x 1000 / infusate Na (mmol/L) x time (hours) Androgue formula: Change in serum Na+ = (infusate Na + infusate K) – serum Na /TBW + 1.Example 1. Marked first degree heart block. PR interval > 300 ms, P waves are buried in the preceding T wave. Example 2. Sinus bradycardia with 1st degree AV block. PR interval > 300 ms. Example 3. Normal sinus …Pharmacology. Top 200 Drugs for examination pharmacology. Pharmacology Photism and Toxicology BSCC. Chemistry Basics with Tyler DeWitt. Physiology. Physiology Philes. Everything. Part One with Jake Barlow; reference for trainees preparing for the CICM and ANZCA Primary Exams. iMeducate examination preparation ACEM part one.Smith-Modified Sgarbossa Criteria. As discussed in this article by Stephen Smith, the Smith modified Sgarbossa criteria for Occlusion Myocardial Infarction (OMI) in LBBB have been created to improve diagnostic accuracy. The most important change is the modification of the rule for excessive discordance.. The use of a 5 mm cutoff for …An Emergency physician based in Perth, Western Australia. Professionally my passion lies in integrating advanced diagnostic and procedural ultrasound into clinical assessment and management of the undifferentiated patient. Sharing hard fought knowledge with innovative educational techniques to ensure knowledge translation and dissemination is ...QRS Width. Normal QRS width is 70-100 ms (a duration of 110 ms is sometimes observed in healthy subjects). The QRS width is useful in determining the origin of each QRS complex (e.g. sinus, atrial, junctional or ventricular). Narrow complexes (QRS < 100 ms) are supraventricular in origin. Broad complexes (QRS > 100 ms) may be either ventricular ...References and links. LITFL. CCC – Status epilepticus CCC – Post-traumatic seizures Toxicology Library – Newer anticonvulsants References. Australian Injectable Drugs Handbook, 8th Edition. (2022). Retrieved 28 August 2022, from https://aidh.hcn.com.au/; Australian Medicines Handbook.Help for schools help for parents liftl.org Delivering fresh learning in schools to childen and young people Providing parent help for whatever is troubling you or your child all listings …ECG Library Homepage. Accidental misplacement of the limb lead electrodes is a common cause of ECG abnormality and may simulate pathology such as ectopic atrial rhythm, chamber enlargement or myocardial ischaemia and infarction. When the limb electrodes (LA, RA, LL) are exchanged without disturbing the neutral electrode …Scroll to annotate: Left Anterior Fascicular Block (LAFB) Typical ECG of LAFB, demonstrating: rS complexes in leads II, III, aVF, with small R waves and deep S waves. qR complexes in leads I, aVL, with small Q waves and tall R waves. Left Axis Deviation (LAD): Leads II, III and aVF are NEGATIVE; Leads I and aVL are POSITIVE.Myers et al ( 2020) published a retrospective chart review of 467 high-risk ACS patients. They found that 40% of OMI did not present with STEMI criteria on ECG (STEMI (–) OMI). These patients suffered significant delays to cardiac catheterization despite having clinical, laboratory, and echo features of similar severity as the STEMI (+) …Teifl, heint geat a Liftl! ... Teifl, heint geat a Liftl! 翻譯貼文. 圖片. 下午8:03 · 2014年9月12日 來自Innenstadtgürtel Süd, Nürnberg.Special interests in diagnostic and procedural ultrasound, medical education, and ECG interpretation. Editor-in-chief of the LITFL ECG Library. Twitter: @rob_buttner. Email Address. Massive pericardial effusion produces a characteristic ECG triad of low QRS voltage, tachycardia, and electrical alternans. LITFL ECG Library.Premature Atrial Complex (PAC) A premature atrial complex (PAC) is a premature beat arising from ectopic pacemaking tissue within the atria. There is an abnormal P wave, usually followed by a normal QRS complex. AKA: Atrial ectopics, atrial extrasystoles, atrial premature beats, atrial premature depolarisations.The QT interval is the time from the start of the Q wave to the end of the T wave on an ECG. It represents the period of ventricular depolarisation and repolarisation. It is inversely proportional to heart rate and can be measured in different leads. It is used to diagnose and monitor arrhythmias, drugs, and conditions that affect the heart.The astute LITFLer will have already noticed that a new header link titled “PART ONE” has been appearing at the top of every LITFL page for the past few months. Part One is an incredible resource created by Jake Barlow for critical care trainees preparing for their “part one” exams. Jake has successfully knocked off both the CICM …24 iul. 2014 ... In fact, an international group of experts has met in Berlin recently to redefine the definition of ARDS/ALI (see the post by the LIFTL guys on ...You may know her as Dr Johnston, as a long term LIFTL contributor, as a Mega-FOAM performer, as a some-time feline choreographer or as a Fabulous Female …OVERVIEW. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is the application of respiratory support via a sealed face-mask, nasal mask, mouthpiece, full face visor or helmet without the need for intubation. In the modern era it implies the application of positive airway pressure, however some classifications include the application of a negative-pressure ...De Winter T Wave. First reported by de Winter in 2008, the de Winter ECG pattern is an anterior STEMI equivalent that presents without obvious ST segment elevation. Mike Cadogan and Robert Buttner. October 11, 2021.The QT interval is the time from the start of the Q wave to the end of the T wave on an ECG. It represents the period of ventricular depolarisation and repolarisation. …Jan 31, 2023. Home ECG Library. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia. It is characterised by disorganised atrial electrical activity and contraction. The incidence and prevalence of AF is increasing. Lifetime risk over the age of 40 years is ~25%. Complications of AF include haemodynamic instability, cardiomyopathy ...Karl Connell. Ciselle Meier and Mike Cadogan. September 25, 2023. Major Karl Connell (1878-1941) was an American surgeon, serviceman and inventor. Connell Mask, Connell Model, Connell Flowmeter, Connell Airway. Anaesthesiology Eponym.Chris is an Intensivist and ECMO specialist at the Alfred ICU in Melbourne. He is also a Clinical Adjunct Associate Professor at Monash University.. He is a co-founder of the Australia and New Zealand Clinician Educator Network (ANZCEN) and is the Lead for the ANZCEN Clinician Educator Incubator programme. He is on the Board of Directors …rapid onset. rapid offset (short context-sensitive half time) -> good for waking up quickly and neurologically +/- extubation. used for toleration of ventilation, procedures, sedation for transport. causes bronchodilation. anti-emetic. safe in porphyria. safe in MH patients. maintenance of cerebral metabolism and blood flow (unlike volatile ...rhabdomyolysis. Post-renal. obstruction at any post-renal site (e.g. tumour, clot, papillary necrosis, foreign body, post-surgical, blocked IDC) abdominal compartment syndrome. Can also be categorised as: volume-responsive (50%) sepsis-induced (contributes to 50%) hypotension-related (Rx with fluids and noradrenaline)Left Axis Deviation = QRS axis less than -30°. Right Axis Deviation = QRS axis greater than +90°. Extreme Axis Deviation = QRS axis between -90° and 180° (AKA “Northwest Axis”). Note that in paediatric ECG interpretation, the cardiac axis lies between +30 to +190 degrees at birth and moves leftward with age. CardiacAxis.com.American ER Doc Gone Walkabout Rick Abbott, ER Doc since ’73, with bad wanderlust. Gutenberg’s Grandchild using 3D printing for practical solutions in healthcare. INTENSIVE the Alfred ICU’s education and knowledge translation blog. Literary Medicine and Musings Anecdotes, reviews, and musings in literary medicine.Learn how to differentiate ventricular tachycardia (VT) from supraventricular tachycardia with aberrancy (SVT) based on electrocardiographic features, clinical factors and algorithms. Find out the electrocardiographic features increasing the likelihood of VT, the clinical factors associated with VT or SVT, and the diagnostic algorithms for VT or SVT.causes: sedation, high protein diet, infection, trauma, hypokalaemia, constipation -> accumulation of toxic products. grade 0 = alert and orientated, grade IV = unresponsive to deep pain. Others. hypoglycaemia (decreased glycogen stores) ascites (from portal hypertension and fluid retention) cholecystitis. pancreatitis.An Emergency physician based in Perth, Western Australia. Professionally my passion lies in integrating advanced diagnostic and procedural ultrasound into clinical assessment and management of the undifferentiated patient. Sharing hard fought knowledge with innovative educational techniques to ensure knowledge translation and dissemination is ...Abdominal CT: Interpretation. Abdominal CT: Understanding the basics. Abdominal CT: Choosing the right study. Abdominal CT: abdominal organs and bowel. Abdominal CT: other important abdominal structures. Acute abdomen and bowel pathology. Acute abdomen. Solid organ and Vascular pathology.オンラインクレーンゲームでのアイテム数日本一!スマホ、PCで遊ぶクレーンゲーム「LIFTる。(りふとる)」。GETした景品は無料でご自宅にお届けいたします。Critical Care Compendium. The LITFL Critical Care Compendium is a comprehensive collection of pages concisely covering the core topics and controversies of critical care. Currently there are over 1,500 entries with more in the works, and all the pages are being constantly revised and improved. Liftl Syo $60; Solya Bril $150; Radrma Brie $25; Jack Johan $50; Either Hunt $30; Warnor Evil $30; Dvid Somal $25; Ralson Mark $75; Brio Bio $40; Liftl Syo $60 ...ECG Features: Sinus tachycardia – the most common abnormality (seen in 44% of patients with PE) Right ventricular strain pattern – T wave inversions in the right precordial leads (V1-4) ± the inferior leads (II, III, aVF). This pattern is associated with high pulmonary artery pressures (34%) Right axis deviation (16%).PLX-NFPRO360-LIFTL-TRACK-1M. 1meter PC profile + 2sets of hanging wire + 2pcs screws. PLX-NFPRO360-LIFTL-TRACKADJ-1M. 1pcs 1m PC profile + 2pcs fix-component + ...Note: SAM has a lot of degrees because he studied long and hard to become Super-Axis-Man. The degrees go in lots of 30. They are 0° , MINUS 30° , +60° , +90°, and +120°. Start at 0° at lead I, add MINUS 30° to aVL, then +60° to II, +90° to aVF, and +120° to III. If you want to you can add +210° to aVR (which may also be called -150 ...STRONG ION DIFFERENCE. Strong ions are those ion that dissociate completely at the pH of interest in a particular solution. In blood at pH 7.4: strong cations are: Na +, K +, Ca 2+, Mg 2+. strong anions are: Cl - and SO 42-. Strong Ion Difference (SID) is the difference between the concentrations of strong cations and strong anions.Key Graphs. Graphs: Help you to convey knowledge and understanding efficiently in the written; Are often a feature of the viva as they allow examiners to assess …Learn about the ECG features, causes, mechanisms, and management of atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained arrhythmia. Find out how to diagnose AF with ECG, how to assess its duration, risk of stroke, and anticoagulation. See examples of AF with WPW and other conditions.Smith-Modified Sgarbossa Criteria. As discussed in this article by Stephen Smith, the Smith modified Sgarbossa criteria for Occlusion Myocardial Infarction (OMI) in LBBB have been created to improve diagnostic accuracy. The most important change is the modification of the rule for excessive discordance.. The use of a 5 mm cutoff for …How long path reverberation artefact is formed (A-lines) The ultrasound beam hits the highly reflective pleural surface and is reflected back to the transducer. The first return results in a true image of the pleural surface on the monitor. The beam however reflects back again off the transducer face and the cycle repeats.A comprehensive guide to the clinical interpretation of ECGs by diagnosis, with definitions, examples, and references. Learn about the causes, symptoms, and ECG features of various arrhythmias, cardiomyopathies, ischemic heart diseases, and other conditions.Part One is a reference for trainees preparing for the CICM and ANZCA Primary Exams. Designed to cover the assessed sections of the CICM and ANZCA curricula in enough detail to pass. A rough guide for the expected depth of knowledge required on a topic. A source of information you might find difficult to find elsewhere.An Emergency physician based in Perth, Western Australia. Professionally my passion lies in integrating advanced diagnostic and procedural ultrasound into clinical assessment and management of the undifferentiated patient. Sharing hard fought knowledge with innovative educational techniques to ensure knowledge translation and dissemination is ...American ER Doc Gone Walkabout Rick Abbott, ER Doc since ’73, with bad wanderlust. Gutenberg’s Grandchild using 3D printing for practical solutions in healthcare. INTENSIVE the Alfred ICU’s education and knowledge translation blog. Literary Medicine and Musings Anecdotes, reviews, and musings in literary medicine.Lithium toxicity. Lithium is commonly used to treat bipolar, for your toxicology encounter it will come in two varieties, either an acute overdose or chronic toxicity and it is important to distinguish the two (examiners love this question). Lithium is a metal and like most metals in an acute ingestion it causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and ...ECG Diagnostic criteria. QRS duration > 120ms. RSR’ pattern in V1-3 (“M-shaped” QRS complex) Wide, slurred S wave in lateral leads (I, aVL, V5-6) RBBB: Right Bundle Branch Block. V1: RSR’ pattern in V1, with (appropriate) discordant T wave changes. V6: Widened, slurred S wave in V6. Associated features incude: Appropriate discordance ...Aug 23, 2022 · How long path reverberation artefact is formed (A-lines) The ultrasound beam hits the highly reflective pleural surface and is reflected back to the transducer. The first return results in a true image of the pleural surface on the monitor. The beam however reflects back again off the transducer face and the cycle repeats. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH): Markedly increased LV voltages: huge precordial R and S waves that overlap with the adjacent leads (SV2 + RV6 >> 35 mm). R-wave peak time > 50 ms in V5-6 with associated QRS broadening. LV strain pattern with ST depression and T-wave inversions in I, aVL and V5-6. ST elevation in V1-3. Prominent U waves in V1-3.The contribution from purely viscous forces to the liftL on a sphere of radiusa touching a plane in the presence of a shear flow field of strength $$\dot \CT Case 053. A 25-year-old man is brought in by ambulance having been found on the side of a motorway after a presumed pedestrian vs car accident. He …rosh. LIFTL. rebel em. EM-Basic_tagline. Emcrit. EMRA. emrap. Web Disclaimer and Privacy Policy · Notice at Collection | Do Not Sell My Personal Information.LITFL 100+ Ultrasound quiz. Clinical cases and self assessment problems from the Ultrasound library to enhance interpretation skills through Ultrasound problems. Preparation for examinations. Each case presents a clinical scenario; a series of questions; clinical images and finally some pearls to highlight the key learning points.A comprehensive guide to the clinical interpretation of ECGs by diagnosis, with definitions, examples, and references. Learn about the causes, symptoms, and ECG features of various arrhythmias, cardiomyopathies, …The delay between activation of the RV and LV produces the characteristic “M-shaped” R wave seen in lateral leads. Delayed overall conduction time to the LV extends the QRS duration to ≥ 120 ms. Sequence of conduction in LBBB: 1) Conduction delay means impulses travel first via the right bundle branch (black arrow) 2) Septum is activated ...27 mar. 2018 ... ... LIFTL. Contributed by. Dr. Gerald Diaz. @GeraldMD. Board Certified Internal Medicine Hospitalist, GrepMed Editor in Chief - Sign up ...Einkauf · Maximilian Beinhauer · Nimche Gantumur · Christoph Liftl · Peter Müller · Damir Ostrihon · Alfred Petracs · Marijana Simic · Birgit Wenhardt.13 nov. 2018 ... Treatment usually supportive; rarely hemodialysis is needed. – LIFTL. – WikEM. 10) Acetaminophen: Know toxic dose (think 150 mg/kg), as well as ...Ultrasound Artefacts. Reverberation artefact. Long path reverberation artefact ( A-lines in lung) Short path reverberation artefact ( B-lines in lung; ringdown anywhere else!) Fatiguing short path reverberation artefact ( Comet tail artefacts) Mirror Image Artefact. Critical Care Compendium. The LITFL Critical Care Compendium is a comprehensive collection of pages concisely covering the core topics and controversies of critical care. Currently there are over 1,500 entries with more in the works, and all the pages are being constantly revised and improved.Lithium toxicity. Lithium is commonly used to treat bipolar, for your toxicology encounter it will come in two varieties, either an acute overdose or chronic toxicity and it is important to distinguish the two (examiners love this question). Lithium is a metal and like most metals in an acute ingestion it causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and ...The J (junction) point in the ECG is the point where the QRS complex joins the ST segment. It represents the approximate end of depolarization and the beginning of repolarization as determined by the surface ECG. There is an overlap of around 10ms. The J point marks the end of the QRS complex, and is often situated above the baseline ...Part One is a reference for trainees preparing for the CICM and ANZCA Primary Exams. Designed to cover the assessed sections of the CICM and ANZCA curricula in enough detail to pass. A rough guide for the expected depth of knowledge required on a topic. A source of information you might find difficult to find elsewhere.Liftl

LITFL Further Reading. ECG Library Basics – Waves, Intervals, Segments and Clinical Interpretation; ECG A to Z by diagnosis – ECG interpretation in clinical context; ECG Exigency and Cardiovascular Curveball – ECG Clinical Cases; 100 ECG Quiz – Self-assessment tool for examination practice; ECG Reference SITES and BOOKS – the best …. Liftl

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Sep 7, 2022 · An Emergency physician based in Perth, Western Australia. Professionally my passion lies in integrating advanced diagnostic and procedural ultrasound into clinical assessment and management of the undifferentiated patient. Sharing hard fought knowledge with innovative educational techniques to ensure knowledge translation and dissemination is ... Note: SAM has a lot of degrees because he studied long and hard to become Super-Axis-Man. The degrees go in lots of 30. They are 0° , MINUS 30° , +60° , +90°, and +120°. Start at 0° at lead I, add MINUS 30° to aVL, then +60° to II, +90° to aVF, and +120° to III. If you want to you can add +210° to aVR (which may also be called -150 ...Effects on membrane potentials. Mg deficiency leads to a drop in ICF potassium and a rise in the ICF Na. This leads to an elevation in the resting potential, and in turn a rise in the inward Ca current and hence enhanced neurological and cardiac irritability. magnesium is required for potassium reabsorption by the kidneys.AMAX4 is the initiative of emergency physician Dr Ben McKenzie and his wife Tamara McKenzie following the tragic death of their 15-year-old son Max McKenzie. Max sustained an hypoxic brain injury secondary to food anaphylaxis related bronchospasm/asthma. The promotion of the AMAX4 algorithm aims to raise awareness and reform treatment through a ...We use cookies to enhance your browsing experience, serve personalized ads or content, and analyze our traffic. By clicking "Accept All", you consent to our use of cookies.The Delta wave is a slurred upstroke in the QRS complex. It relates to pre-excitation of the ventricles, and therefore often causes an associated shortening of the PR interval. It is most commonly associated with pre-excitation syndromes such as WPW. The characteristic ECG findings in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome are: Short PR interval (< …Tonsillar Ultrasound Technique. Chose either a sterilised endocavity transducer or a hockey stick transducer for this procedure. Cover it with an unused condom. Explain the procedure to the patient, reassuring them it is not as bad as it looks! Spray the oropharynx with a local anaesthetic ENT spray. Now introduce the transducer carefully with ...Aug 18, 2023 · Lung ultrasound cases. James Rippey. Aug 18, 2023. Home Ultrasound Library. Worked examples of clinical cases for specific pathological conditions and signs from the Ultrasound Lung Modules. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Empyema and Abscess. Hydropneumothorax. Lung Collapse. ECG Library Basics – Waves, Intervals, Segments and Clinical Interpretation. ECG A to Z by diagnosis – ECG interpretation in clinical context. ECG Exigency and Cardiovascular Curveball – ECG Clinical Cases. 100 ECG Quiz – Self-assessment tool for examination practice. ECG Reference SITES and BOOKS – the best of the rest.The QT interval is the time from the start of the Q wave to the end of the T wave on an ECG. It represents the period of ventricular depolarisation and repolarisation. …Karl Connell. Ciselle Meier and Mike Cadogan. September 25, 2023. Major Karl Connell (1878-1941) was an American surgeon, serviceman and inventor. Connell Mask, Connell Model, Connell Flowmeter, Connell Airway. Anaesthesiology Eponym.Nov 3, 2020 · Tonsillar Ultrasound Technique. Chose either a sterilised endocavity transducer or a hockey stick transducer for this procedure. Cover it with an unused condom. Explain the procedure to the patient, reassuring them it is not as bad as it looks! Spray the oropharynx with a local anaesthetic ENT spray. Now introduce the transducer carefully with ... The LITFL Clinical Case Collection includes over 250 Q&A style clinical cases to assist ‘ Just-in-Time Learning ‘ and ‘ Life-Long Learning ‘. Cases are categorized by specialty and can be interrogated by keyword from the Clinical Case searchable database. Search by keywords; disease process; condition; eponym or clinical features….This ECG shows a full set of right-sided leads (V3R-V6R), with V1 and V2 in their original positions. RV infarction is diagnosed based on the following findings: There is an inferior STEMI with ST elevation in lead III > lead II. V1 is isoelectric while V2 is significantly depressed. There is ST elevation throughout the right-sided leads V3R-V6R.LITFL 100+ Ultrasound quiz. Clinical cases and self assessment problems from the Ultrasound library to enhance interpretation skills through Ultrasound problems. Preparation for examinations.Noninvasive Ventilation and the critically ill. Kane Guthrie. Nov 3, 2020. Home LITFL. It’s that time of the month again, when Life in the Fast Lane gets to highlight the most recent article published by EM Critical Care. This months gem of an article is: Dionisio Torres, J. & Radeos, M. (2011). Noninvasive Ventilation: Update on the uses for ...Mannitol, Frusemide. theoretically work but no clinical trials to support use in hyperkalaemia. Dialysis. IHD = best (can remove 25-40mmol/hr -> 1mmol/L/hr) faster if increase blood flow rate, dialysis flow rate, low K+ concentration in dialysate, high bicarbonate concentration-. Resonium – K+ binders.GFR increases by 50% -> lower Cr, urea, uric acid. Placenta. uterine blood flow @ term = 10% (600-700mL/min) under stress maternal blood flow will be maintained at the expense of the fetus. oxygen consumption = 20mL/min -> can survive 10 min by shunting blood flow to vital organs and decreasing O2 consumption.Nov 3, 2020 · An Emergency physician based in Perth, Western Australia. Professionally my passion lies in integrating advanced diagnostic and procedural ultrasound into clinical assessment and management of the undifferentiated patient. Sharing hard fought knowledge with innovative educational techniques to ensure knowledge translation and dissemination is ... Pleural effusion collects at the most dependent position within each thoracic cavity. In the absence of an associated pneumothorax it forms a meniscus, tracking up the chest wall around the lung getting thinner and thinner until the two pleural surfaces meet. Pleural effusion is most easily examined if a patient can sit up.An Emergency physician based in Perth, Western Australia. Professionally my passion lies in integrating advanced diagnostic and procedural ultrasound into clinical assessment and management of the undifferentiated patient. Sharing hard fought knowledge with innovative educational techniques to ensure knowledge translation and dissemination is ...RBBB is a common ECG finding that occurs when the left ventricle is activated before the right ventricle. It can be caused by various conditions, such as heart disease, pulmonary embolus, or chest pain. Learn about the diagnosis, causes, sequence of conduction, and ECG examples of RBBB from LITFL.Premature Atrial Complex (PAC) A premature atrial complex (PAC) is a premature beat arising from ectopic pacemaking tissue within the atria. There is an abnormal P wave, usually followed by a normal QRS complex. AKA: Atrial ectopics, atrial extrasystoles, atrial premature beats, atrial premature depolarisations.Part One is a reference for trainees preparing for the CICM and ANZCA Primary Exams. Designed to cover the assessed sections of the CICM and ANZCA curricula in enough detail to pass. A rough guide for the expected depth of knowledge required on a topic. A source of information you might find difficult to find elsewhere.Hyperkalaemia. Robert Buttner and Ed Burns. Mar 24, 2022. Home ECG Library. Hyperkalaemia is defined as a serum potassium level of > 5.2 mmol/L. ECG changes generally do not manifest until there is a moderate degree of hyperkalaemia (≥ 6.0 mmol/L). The earliest manifestation of hyperkalaemia is an increase in T wave amplitude.Aug 23, 2022. Home Ultrasound Library. Pulmonary oedema is a common cause of acute respiratory distress in critical care environments. Cardiogenic pulmonary oedema occurs when raised left ventricular filling pressure leads to raised left atrial pressure, raised pulmonary venous pressures and then elevated pulmonary capillary pressure.Effects on membrane potentials. Mg deficiency leads to a drop in ICF potassium and a rise in the ICF Na. This leads to an elevation in the resting potential, and in turn a rise in the inward Ca current and hence enhanced neurological and cardiac irritability. magnesium is required for potassium reabsorption by the kidneys.We use cookies to enhance your browsing experience, serve personalized ads or content, and analyze our traffic. By clicking "Accept All", you consent to our use of cookies.Adverse effects: Possible increase in myocardial and cerebral injury by mediating cell death, tissue necrosis with extravasation. Administration advice: Administer over 5-10 mins if ROSC, otherwise bolus if in cardiac arrest. Calcium chloride 10 mL of 10% = 6.8 mmol or 0.68 mmol/mL. Calcium gluconate 10 mL of 10% = 2.2 mmol or 0.22 …Patients typically have a pre-existing LBBB or bifascicular block, and the 2nd degree AV block is produced by intermittent failure of the remaining fascicle (“bilateral bundle-branch block”) In around 75% of cases, the conduction block is located distal to the Bundle of His, producing broad QRS complexes. In the remaining 25% of cases, the ...Ed Burns and Mike Cadogan. Mar 16, 2022. Home ECG Library. This page covers the ECG signs of myocardial ischaemia seen with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTEACS). ST-elevation and Q-wave myocardial infarction patterns are covered elsewhere: LMCA occlusion, Anterior STEMI, Lateral STEMI, Inferior STEMI, …Identifying enteritis and colitis. We review the most common presentations of gastrointestinal tract inflammation that do not require surgery. In terms of inflammation: Gastritis is inflammation of the stomach. Enteritis involves the small bowel. Enterocolitis involves the small and large bowel. Gastroenteritis includes the stomach and small bowel.Lithium toxicity. Lithium is commonly used to treat bipolar, for your toxicology encounter it will come in two varieties, either an acute overdose or chronic toxicity and it is important to distinguish the two (examiners love this question). Lithium is a metal and like most metals in an acute ingestion it causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and ...Hypothermia occurs when core body temperature is < 35°C. mild: 32-35°C. moderate: 28-32°C. severe: < 28°C. Swiss staging system. I – clearly conscious and shivering. II – impaired consciousness without shivering. …Karl Connell. Ciselle Meier and Mike Cadogan. September 25, 2023. Major Karl Connell (1878-1941) was an American surgeon, serviceman and inventor. Connell Mask, Connell Model, Connell Flowmeter, Connell Airway. Anaesthesiology Eponym.24 iul. 2014 ... In fact, an international group of experts has met in Berlin recently to redefine the definition of ARDS/ALI (see the post by the LIFTL guys on ...Prongs delivering gas at 1-4L.min -1. Higher flows may dry mucosa, and lead to epistaxis. Nasopharynx acts as an oxygen reservoir, somewhat increasing FiO 2. Well …LITFL Top 100 Self Assessment Quizzes. ECG / EKG 150 CASES. CT SCAN 100 CASES. ULTRASOUND 100 CASES. ACTIVATE or WAIT 150 CASES. Chest X-Ray 150 CASES. CLINICAL IMAGES 200 CASES. Radiology Library. CT, X-ray, ultrasound. Radiology education. Unlock exclusive content and resources. Sign up for our newsletter today!CARDIAC TAMPONADE. Pericardial tamponade is more common in penetrating thoracic trauma than blunt trauma. As little as 75 mL of blood accumulating in the pericardial space acutely can impair cardiac filling, resulting in tamponade and obstructive shock. Obstructive shock — tachycardia, hypotension, cool peripheries.ECG features of atrial fibrillation in WPW: Rate > 200 bpm. Irregular rhythm, with extremely high rates in some places — up to 300 bpm (this is too rapid to be conducted via the AV node) Wide QRS complexes due to abnormal ventricular depolarisation via AP. Subtle beat-to-beat variation in QRS morphology. Axis remains stable, unlike ...LITFL 100+ Ultrasound quiz. Clinical cases and self assessment problems from the Ultrasound library to enhance interpretation skills through Ultrasound problems. Preparation for examinations. Each case presents a clinical scenario; a series of questions; clinical images and finally some pearls to highlight the key learning points.14 iun. 2023 ... ... liftl#liftingt#transformationw#weightlossjourneyw#weightlosstransformationq#quadsanddadbodst#tricepst#tricepsworkoutw#workoutw ...Hypothermia occurs when core body temperature is < 35°C. mild: 32-35°C. moderate: 28-32°C. severe: < 28°C. Swiss staging system. I – clearly conscious and shivering. II – impaired consciousness without shivering. …Inferior STEMI can result from occlusion of any of the three main coronary arteries: Dominant right coronary artery (RCA) in 80% of cases. Dominant left circumflex artery (LCx) in 18%. Occasionally, a “type III” or “wraparound” left anterior descending artery ( LAD ), producing the unusual pattern of concomitant inferior and anterior ST ...Atrioventricular Re-entry Tachycardia (AVRT) is a form of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia that occurs in patients with accessory pathways, usually due to formation of a re-entry circuit between the AV node and accessory pathway. ECG features depend on the direction of conduction, which can be orthodromic or antidromic.Help for schools help for parents liftl.org Delivering fresh learning in schools to childen and young people Providing parent help for whatever is troubling you or your child all listings …Gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) is associated with transfer of amino acids across cell membranes. GGT is produced in the renal tubules, liver, biliary tract, pancreas, lymphocytes, brain, testes. GGT is most useful when looking for hepatocellular damage. More sensitive than ALP and AST – but much less specific.De Winter T Wave. First reported by de Winter in 2008, the de Winter ECG pattern is an anterior STEMI equivalent that presents without obvious ST segment elevation. Mike Cadogan and Robert Buttner. October 11, 2021.ECG Library Homepage. Accidental misplacement of the limb lead electrodes is a common cause of ECG abnormality and may simulate pathology such as ectopic atrial rhythm, chamber enlargement or myocardial ischaemia and infarction. When the limb electrodes (LA, RA, LL) are exchanged without disturbing the neutral electrode …STRONG ION DIFFERENCE. Strong ions are those ion that dissociate completely at the pH of interest in a particular solution. In blood at pH 7.4: strong cations are: Na +, K +, Ca 2+, Mg 2+. strong anions are: Cl - and SO 42-. Strong Ion Difference (SID) is the difference between the concentrations of strong cations and strong anions.Note: SAM has a lot of degrees because he studied long and hard to become Super-Axis-Man. The degrees go in lots of 30. They are 0° , MINUS 30° , +60° , +90°, and +120°. Start at 0° at lead I, add MINUS 30° to aVL, then +60° to II, +90° to aVF, and +120° to III. If you want to you can add +210° to aVR (which may also be called -150 ...STRONG ION DIFFERENCE. Strong ions are those ion that dissociate completely at the pH of interest in a particular solution. In blood at pH 7.4: strong cations are: Na +, K +, Ca 2+, Mg 2+. strong anions are: Cl - and SO 42-. Strong Ion Difference (SID) is the difference between the concentrations of strong cations and strong anions.Aug 23, 2022 · How long path reverberation artefact is formed (A-lines) The ultrasound beam hits the highly reflective pleural surface and is reflected back to the transducer. The first return results in a true image of the pleural surface on the monitor. The beam however reflects back again off the transducer face and the cycle repeats. Liftl.org is a worldwide directory of services for parents, teachers, educators and policy makers. Through the Liftl.org directory, parents, teachers, educators and policy makers have the opportunity to support children in the art of life and living.There is special support forECG Case 136. Robert Buttner and Emre Aslanger. Dec 21, 2021. Home Top 100 TOP 100 ECG. A 61-year-old lady is brought in by ambulance with palpitations and dizziness. GCS 15. HR 190, BP 75/50.Retrograde capture describes the process whereby the ectopic impulse is conducted retrogradely through the AV node, producing atrial depolarisation. This is visible on the ECG as an inverted P wave (“ retrograde P wave “), usually occurring after the QRS complex. PVCs are said to be “frequent” if there are more than 5 PVCs per minute on ...Chris is an Intensivist and ECMO specialist at the Alfred ICU in Melbourne. He is also a Clinical Adjunct Associate Professor at Monash University.. He is a co-founder of the Australia and New Zealand Clinician Educator Network (ANZCEN) and is the Lead for the ANZCEN Clinician Educator Incubator programme. He is on the Board of Directors …オンラインクレーンゲームでのアイテム数日本一!スマホ、PCで遊ぶクレーンゲーム「LIFTる。(りふとる)」。GETした景品は無料でご自宅にお届けいたします。LITFL Further Reading. ECG Library Basics – Waves, Intervals, Segments and Clinical Interpretation; ECG A to Z by diagnosis – ECG interpretation in clinical context; ECG Exigency and Cardiovascular Curveball – ECG Clinical Cases; 100 ECG Quiz – Self-assessment tool for examination practice; ECG Reference SITES and BOOKS – the best …Aug 23, 2022 · How long path reverberation artefact is formed (A-lines) The ultrasound beam hits the highly reflective pleural surface and is reflected back to the transducer. The first return results in a true image of the pleural surface on the monitor. The beam however reflects back again off the transducer face and the cycle repeats. . Exploitedcollege